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Post Doctoral Researcher


My research uses a combination of techniques to answer questions related to the biomechanics, behavior, and ecology of large marine mammals, with a particular focus towards understanding the effects of body size on form and function. Currently, I am interested in the energetic economy of migration as well as unique foraging strategies such as bubble-net feeding. As a member of MMRP, my primary goal is to train the next generation of researchers to effectively use inertial sensing tags, both in the field and the lab.



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Will Gough is a post-doctoral researcher at the Marine Mammal Research Program at the Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology. He did his undergraduate work at Cornell University, a masters at West Chester University, and most recently finished up a PhD at Stanford University’s Hopkins Marine Station under the mentorship of Dr. Jeremy Goldbogen. Throughout this time, he has been involved in numerous research projects focused broadly on biomechanics and behavior, with such varied topics as: urination behavior of domestic dogs, kinematic analysis of eider duck predator-escape responses, anatomical structure and material properties of odontocete tail flukes, and the scale-dependence of swimming and foraging kinematics and energetics in large cetaceans. Outside of research, Will has developed training tools and workshops to teach researchers and the public how to work with biologging methodologies. He has also led a program at Hopkins aimed at bringing local high-schoolers into the lab to learn analytical skills and work directly with researchers on independent projects.







. Gough, W.T., Cade, D.E., Czapanskiy, M.F., Potvin, J., Fish, F.E., Kahane-Rapport, S.R., Savoca, M.S., Bierlich, KC, Johnston, D.W., Friedlaender, A.S., Szabo, A., Bejder, L. and Goldbogen, J.A. (2021). Fast and furious: energetic tradeoffs and scaling of high-speed foraging in rorqual whales. Integrative and Organismal Biology (In Press).

. Segre, P.S., Gough, W.T., Roualdes, E.A., Cade, D.E., Czapanskiy, M.F., Fahlbusch, J., Kahane-Rapport, S.R., Oestreich, W.K., Bejder, L., Bierlich, K.C., Burrows, J.A., Calambokidis, J., Chenoweth, E.M., Di Clemente, J., Durban, J.W., Fearnbach, H., Fish, F.E., Friedlaender, A.S., Hegelund, P., Johnston, D.W., Nowacek, D.P., Oudejans, M.G., Penry, G.S., Potvin, J., Simon, M., Stanworth, A., Straley, J.M., Szabo, A., Videsen, S.K.A., Visser, F., Weir, C.R., Wiley, D.N. and Goldbogen, J.A. (2022). Scaling of maneuvering performance in baleen whales: larger whales outperform expectations. Journal of Experimental Biology 225:jeb243224.


. Cade, D.E., Gough, W.T., Czapanskiy, M.F., Fahlbusch, J.A., Kahane-Rapport, S.R., Linsky, J.M.J., Nichols, R.C., Oestreich, W.K., Wisniewska, D.M., Friedlaender, A.S. and Goldbogen, J.A. (2021). Tools for integrating inertial sensor data with video bio-loggers, including estimation of animal orientation, motion, and position. Animal Biotelemetry 9: 1-21.

. Savoca, M.S., Czapanskiy, M.F., Kahane-Rapport, S.R., Gough, W.T., Fahlbusch, J.A., Bierlich, KC, Segre, P.S., Di Clemente, J., Penry, G.S., Wiley, D.N., Calambokidis, J., Nowacek, D.P., Johnston, D.W., Pyenson, N.D., Friedlaender, A.S., Hazen, E.L. and Goldbogen, J.A. (2021). Baleen whale prey consumption based on high resolution foraging measurements. Nature 599: 85-90.

. Czapanskiy, M.F., Savoca, M.S., Gough, W.T., Segre, P.S., Wisniewska, D.M., Cade, D.E. and Goldbogen, J.A. (2021). Modelling short-term energetic costs of sonar disturbance to cetaceans using high-resolution foraging data. Journal of Applied Ecology 58: 1643-1657.

. Fish, F.E., Sheehan, M.J., Adams, D.S., Tennett, K.A. and Gough, W.T. (2021). A 60:40 split: differential mass support in dogs. Anatomical Record 304: 78-89.

. Gough, W.T., Smith, H.J., Savoca, M.S., Czapanskiy, M.F., Fish, F.E., Potvin, J., Bierlich, KC, Cade, D.E., Di Clemente, J., Kennedy, J., Segre, P.S., Stanworth, A., Weir, C.R. and Goldbogen, J.A. (2021). Scaling of oscillatory kinematics and Froude efficiency in baleen whales. Journal of Experimental Biology 224: jeb237586.


. Segre, P.S., Potvin, J., Cade, D.E., Calambokidis, J., Di Clemente, J., Fish, F.E., Friedlaender, A.S., Gough, W.T., Kahane-Rapport, S.R., Oliveira, C., Parks, S.E., Penry, G.S., Simon, M., Stimpert, A.K., Wiley, D.N., Bierlick, KC, Madsen, P.T. and Goldbogen, J.A. (2020). Energetic and physical limitations on the breaching performance of large whales. eLife 9.


. Goldbogen, J.A., Cade, D.E., Wisniewska, D.M., Potvin, J., Segre, P.S., Savoca, M.S., Hazen, E.L., Czapanskiy, M.F., Kahane-Rapport, S.R., DeRuiter, S.L., Gero, S., Tønnesen, P., Gough, W.T., Hanson, M.B., Holt, M.M., Jensen, F.H., Simon, M., Stimpert, A.K., Arranz, P., Johnston, D.W., Nowacek, D.P., Parks, S.E., Visser, F., Friedlaender, A.S., Tyack, P.L., Madsen, P.T. and Pyenson, N.D. (2019). Why whales are big but not bigger: Physiological drivers and ecological limits in the age of ocean giants. Science 366: 1367–1372.

. Goldbogen, J.A., Cade, D.E., Calambokidis, J., Czapanskiy, M.F., Fahlbusch, J.A., Friedlaender, A.S., Gough, W.T., Kahane-Rapport, S.R., Savoca, M.S., Ponganis, K.V. and Ponganis, P.J. (2019). Extreme bradycardia and tachycardia in the world’s largest animal. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 4: 25329-25332.

. Gough, W.T., Segre, P.S., Bierlich, KC, Cade, D.E., Potvin, J., Fish, F.E., Dale, J., Di Clemente, J., Friedlaender, A.S., Johnston, D.W., Kahane-Rapport, S.R., Kennedy, J., Long, J.H., Oudejans, M., Penry, G., Savoca, M.S., Simon, M., Videsen, S.KA., Visser, F., Wiley, D.N. and Goldbogen, J.A. (2019). Scaling of swimming performance in baleen whales. Journal of Experimental Biology 222: jeb204172.


. Gough, W.T., Fish, F.E., Wainwright, D.K. and Bart-Smith, H. (2018). Morphology of the core fibrous layer of the cetacean tail fluke. Journal of Morphology 279: 757-765.


. McGuire, B. and Gough, W.T. (2017). Body size influences urinary posture but not hindlimb laterality in shelter dogs. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research 21: 38-44.


Gough, W.T. and McGuire, B. (2015). Urinary Posture and Motor Laterality in Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) at Two Shelters. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 168: 61-70.

Gough, W.T., Farina, S.C. and Fish, F.E. (2015). Aquatic Burst Locomotion by Hydroplaning and Paddling in Common Eiders (Somateria mollissima). Journal of Experimental Biology 218: 1632-1638.


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